# Help:ParserFunctions

This wiki has an extension installed called ParserFunctions. ParserFunctions are operators that take strings of text or numbers and perform logical or mathematical operators on them. They are often used in templates, to display current times and dates, and to generate random information. Here's how to use them:

## #expr:

`{{#expr:}}` solves mathematical expressions. It only works with numerical entries; if you want to use strings, see #ifeq.

Operator | Operation | Example |
---|---|---|

() | Grouping operators | {{#expr: (10+20) / 30 }} = 1 |

+ | Positive | {{#expr: +30 - +30 }} = 0 |

- | Negative | {{#expr: -30 + 30 }} = 0 |

not | Unary NOT, logical NOT | {{#expr: not 30 + 0}} = 0 |

* | Multiplication | {{#expr: 30 * 0 }} = 0 |

/ OR div | Division | {{#expr: -30 / 30 }} = -1 {{#expr: -30 div 30 }} = -1 |

+ | Addition | {{#expr: -30 + 30 }} = 0 |

- | Subtraction | {{#expr: 30 - 30 }} = 0 |

round | Rounds off the number on the left to the power of 1/10 given on the right | {{#expr: 24 / 49 round 4}} = 0.4898 {{#expr: 24 / 49 round 2}} = 0.49 {{#expr: 24 / 49 round 0}} = 0 |

= | Equality (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 = 0 }} = 0 {{#expr: 30 = 30 }} = 1 |

<> OR != | Inequality (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 <> 0 }} = 1 {{#expr: 30 <> 30 }} = 0 {{#expr: 30 != 0 }} = 1 {{#expr: 30 != 30 }} = 0 |

< | Less Than (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 < 0 }} = 0 |

> | Greater Than (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 > 0 }} = 1 |

>= | Greater Than or Equal To (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 >= 0 }} = 1 |

<= | Less Than or Equal To (will be 1 or 0) | {{#expr: 30 <= 0 }} = 0 |

## #if:

The `{{#if:}}` function is an if-then-else system. If the condition string is empty, it returns the "else text". If it is not empty, it returns the "then text". The syntax is:

{{#if: <condition string> | <then text> | <else text> }}

Its most common usage is in templates, where if the user defines a parameter, then it returns some prescribed text. If the user does not specify the parameter, it returns a default. Example:

{{#if: {{{parameter|}}} | Parameter is defined | Parameter is not defined }}

If the user types {{templatename|parameter=true}} or something similar, the result is "Parameter is defined". However, if they type {{templatename}}, the result is "Parameter is not defined". Note in the above example that the expression ` is a special function that returns the value of the parameter if it has been defined and returns the text to the right of the vertical bar (``|`) if the parameter has not been defined.

`{{#if:}}` does not solve expressions. For example, if you type {{#if: 30 - 30 = 50 | 1 | 0 }}, the result will be 1, since 30 - 30 = 50 is not empty. If you want to do if-then-else using expressions, see #ifexpr.

## #ifeq:

`{{#ifeq:}}` compares two strings and then performs an if-then-else process. To use:

{{#ifeq: <text 1> | <text 2> | <if equal> | <if not equal> }}

If text 1 and text 2 are equal, then it returns the <ifequal> text. Otherwise, it returns the <ifnotequal> text.

Some examples:

**{{#ifeq: {{NAMESPACE}} | Help | This page is in the Help Namespace | This page is not in the Help Namespace }}**shows up as**This page is in the Help Namespace**.**{{#ifeq: 7 | +000007.0 | Seven = Seven | Seven is not equal to Seven }}**shows up as**Seven = Seven**

In this above example, notice that `{{#ifeq:}}` can treat numbers as well as strings.

`{{#ifeq:}}` is case-sensitive:

**{{#ifeq: capital | Capital | Equal | Not Equal }}** shows up as **Not Equal**.

## #ifexist:

`{{#ifexist:}}` performs an if-then-else process depending on whether a page exists. Syntax:

{{#ifexist: <page name> | <if exists> | <if does not exist> }}

`{{#ifexist:}}` does not work with interwiki links.

Example:

**{{#ifexist: this page | [[this page]] | [[Main Page]] }}** returns **Main Page** because a page named "this page" does not exist.

## #ifexpr:

`{{#ifexpr:}}` is an if-then-else routine that, like `{{#expr:}}`, can only be used with numbers. Syntax:

{{#ifexpr: <expression> | <if true> | <if false> }}

Some examples:

**{{#ifexpr: 7 + 8 = 15 | yes | no }}**returns**yes**.**{{#ifexpr: 7 + 8 = 78 | yes | no }}**returns**no**.**{{#ifexpr: {{PAGENAME}} = ParserFunctions | This is a help page | No}}**returns the errorbecause "ParserFunctions" (the text returned by {{PAGENAME}}) is a string, not a number.**Expression error: Unrecognized word "parserfunctions".**

## #switch:

`{{#switch:}}` compares a number *or* a string against many items, and returns a result corresponding to the item it matches. Syntax:

{{#switch: <value> | <result 1> = <text if 1 is true> | <result 2> = <text if 2 is true> | <result 3> = <text if 3 is true> | <result 4> = <text if 4 is true> | #default = <default value if none are true> }}

If <value> matches <result 2>, for example, <text if 2 is true> will be returned by the function. If <value> does not match any of the first four items, <default value if none are true> will be returned.

"| <result n> = <text if n is true>" can be repeated as many times as necessary. However, "#default" can only be used once.

It is also possible to have "fall-through":

{{#switch: <value> | <result 1> | <result 2> | <result 3> = <text if 1, 2, or 3 is true> | <result 4> = <text if 4 is true> | #default = <default value if none are true> }}

<result 1> and <result 2> do not have equal signs, and if <value> matches either of them, the text corresponding to <result 3> will be returned.

## #time:

`{{#time:}}` is used for time and date formatting. It can be used to show the current time or day, or a set time or day in a certain format. Either way, here are the codes (following UTC):

Code | What it is | Possible results | Currently |
---|---|---|---|

Y | 4 digit year | 1970-2038 | 2023 |

y | 2 digit year | 00-99 | 23 |

n | Month number | 1-12 | 3 |

m | Month number, with leading 0 | 01-12 | 03 |

M | Month name, abbreviated | Jan-Dec | Mar |

F | Full month name | January-December | March |

W | Current week of the year | 1-52 or 53, depending on year | 13 |

j | Day of the month | 1-31 | 31 |

d | Day of the month, with leading 0 | 01-31 | 31 |

z | Day of the year | 1-364, 365 on a leap year | 89 |

D | Day of the week, abbreviated | Mon-Sun | Fri |

l | Full day of the week | Monday-Sunday | Friday |

N | ISO 8601 day of the week | 1 (Monday) - 7 (Sunday) | 5 |

w | American day of the week | 0 (Monday - 6 (Sunday) | 5 |

a | am or pm (lowercase) | am-pm | am |

A | AM or PM (capital) | AM-PM | AM |

g | 12 hour format of the hour | 1-12 | 3 |

h | 12 hour format of the hour, with leading 0 | 01-12 | 03 |

G | 24 hour format of the hour | 0-23 | 3 |

H | 24 hour format of the hour, with leading 0 | 00-23 | 03 |

i | The minute | 00-59 | 19 |

s | The second | 00-59 | 09 |

U | Seconds since Midnight on January 1, 1970 | 0-∞ | 1680232749 |

L | Whether it's a leap year | 0 if not, 1 if yes | 0 |

t | Days in the month | 28-31 | 31 |

If any input other than those discussed above is provided, it will pass through the function unmodified. So, links and punctuation can be easily used with this function. Examples:

**{{#time: l j F Y }}**generates**Friday 31 March 2023**.**{{#time: m/Y }}**generates**03/2023**.**{{#time: H:i | - 6 hours}}**generates**21:19**, 6 hours before the current time**{{#time: l Y-m-d }}**generates**Friday 2023-03-31**.**{{#time: l }}**generates**Friday**.**{{#time: z | 20071031}}**generates**303**, Halloween day in "z" format